CHINAS STRATEGIC SHIFT

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CHINAS STRATEGIC SHIFT TOWARD THE REGION OF THE FOUR SEAS: THE MIDDLE KINGDOM ARRIVES IN THE MIDDLE EAST

BY CHRISTINA Y. LIN 

MARCH 18, 2013

xt4f3424e1 China’s interest in the Middle East is first and foremost

  • energy-driven. In 1993, when it became a net oil importer for the first time, Beijing embarked on a “go out” (zhouchuqu) policy to procure energy assets abroad to feed its growing economy… The legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) rests on continued economic growth and delivering a rising standard of living for the Chinese population. As a corollary, China is also concerned about
  • security of energy supply lines and Sea Lines of Communication (SLOCS).  Because the United States is considered its main opponent in the international system, China is wary of U.S. naval dominance and the risk of choking China’s energy supply through the Malacca Straits should hostilities break out over…

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BRICS strengthen the global financial safety net.

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Sixth BRICS Summit – Fortaleza Declaration

15 July 2014

Fortaleza, Brazil,

???????????1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met in Fortaleza, Brazil, on 15 July 2014 at the Sixth BRICS Summit…

5.The Sixth Summit takes place at a crucial juncture, as the international community assesses how to address the challenges of strong economic recovery from the global financial crises, sustainable development, including climate change, while also formulating

the Post-2015 – United Nations Millennium Development Goals

At the same time, we are confronted with persistent political instability and conflict in various global hotspots and non-conventional emerging threats. On the other hand, international governance structures designed within a different power configuration show increasingly evident signs of

  • losing legitimacy and effectiveness, as transitional and ad hoc arrangements become increasingly prevalent,
  • often at the expense…

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“Rio Consensus” a model for global economic governance in the 21st century

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BRICS: Toward a Rio Consensus – The Globalist

July 14, 2014

By Kevin P. Gallagher

BRICS summarizationConveniently scheduled at the end of the World Cup, leaders of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) travel to Brazil this month for a meeting that presents them with a truly historic opportunity.

While in Brazil, the BRICS hope to establish a new development bank and reserve currency pool arrangement. This action could strike a true trifecta — recharge global economic governance and the prospects for development as well as pressure the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) — to get back on the right track.

The two Bretton Woods institutions, both headquartered in Washington, with good reason originally put financial stability, employment and development as their core missions. That focus, however, became derailed in the last quarter of the 20th century.

During the 1980s and 1990s,

the World…

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BRICS countries to challenge unipolar world order

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Brave new BRICS a challenge to international system

July 16, 2014  

By Sreeram Chaulia  

The group of emerging economies signed the long-anticipated document to create the

$100 bn BRICS Development Bank and

a reserve currency poolworth over another $100 bn.

image.adapt.445.lowBoth will counter the influence of Western-based lending institutions and the dollar.

The new bank will provide money for infrastructure and development projects in BRICS countries, and unlike the IMF or World Bank, each nation has equal say, regardless of GDP size…

The big launch of the BRICS bank is seen as a first step to break the dominance of the US dollar in global trade, as well as dollar-backed institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, both US-based institutions BRICS countries have little influence within

Russia, Brazil, India, China and South Africa account for 11 percent of global capital investment, and trade turnover…

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China and the US need to talk.

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Tensions will rise in Asia until China and the U.S. talk

The Japan Times ‎

Jul 7, 2014 

by Yoon Young-Kwan  

A vast revolution in military affairs is taking place across East Asia.

The latest signs are

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping’s purge of Gen Xu Caihou on charges of corruption, and
  • Japan’s “reinterpretation” of Article 9 of its constitution to permit the country to provide military aid to its allies. (Article 9 of the Constitution says the Japanese people “forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes.”)

military-west-pacificDespite the rising regional tensions that inspired these moves, China’s relations with its neighbours and the United States are not fated to lead to direct confrontation. But the relentless march of new initiatives to meet the perceived “China threat” will require the region’s political leaders, including the Chinese, to…

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China is not poised to speed across the Pacific to threaten America.

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China’s Real Blue Water Navy | The Diplomat

Aug 30, 2012 

By Andrew Erickson and Gabe Collins

hp.04.24.12.USNshipChina is building a two-layered navy with a high-end Near Seas component and a limited, low-end capability beyond. It is not poised to speed across the Pacific to threaten America.China’s navy is not poised to speed across the Pacific to threaten America the way the Soviet Union once did, if not worse…

China has already developed, and continues to develop rapidly, potent high-end navy and “anti-Navy” capabilities. Like their other military counterparts, they are focused almost entirely on contested areas close to home. It is also developing low-end capabilities. They are relevant primarily for low-intensity peacetime missions in areas further afield. These two very different dynamics should not be conflated. The second area has attracted headlines recently. China is in the process of developing a limited out-of-area operational capability to extend…

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562 951 hits since April 2007

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Globalisierung zähmen

„Globalisierung zähmen und die Früchte ernten.“ 

Bremen im April 2007

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Month

Hits

Pageviews

Sessions

KBytes sent

2013

Total 94 520 75490 73390 20977 516128
Average 7876 6290 6115 1748 43011

2012

Total 68057 50654 51733 17556 300006
Average 5671 4221 4311 1463 25001

2011

Total 61 106 42845 42186 16062 261466
Average 5092 3570 3515 1338 21789

2010

Total          71 461 43301 47158 17797 302963
Average        5955 3608 3929 1483 25247

2009

Total       66 522 42804 44242 15224 279813
Average         5543 3567 3686 1268 23318

2008

Total      106 500 83716 86714 13050 492343
Average        8875 6976 7226 1087 41029

2007

Total 48 052 28194 28184 7857 236655
Average 4004 2349 2348 654 19722

2014   

46 733

Total 562951 hits since April 2007

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